LMIA – Labour Market Impact Assessment


In the realm of Canadian immigration, the Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) holds significant weight. It’s a crucial step for Canadian employers looking to hire foreign workers and for those workers seeking employment opportunities in Canada. Let’s break down what an LMIA is and why it matters.

What is an LMIA?

The LMIA, administered by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC), is a document that assesses the impact of hiring a foreign worker on the Canadian labor market. It ensures that hiring a foreign worker will not negatively affect Canadian workers’ job opportunities or wages.

Why is an LMIA Important?

  • Protecting Canadian Workers: The primary goal of the LMIA is to safeguard the Canadian job market and ensure that Canadian citizens and permanent residents have first access to available job opportunities.
  • Assessing Labour Market Needs: The assessment considers various factors such as job shortages, regional labor demands, and specific skills required for certain positions.
  • Employer Compliance: It ensures that employers comply with Canadian labor laws and standards, including offering fair wages and working conditions to both Canadian and foreign workers.

How to apply for LMIA

  • Employer Application: The employer applies for an LMIA, providing detailed information about the job vacancy, the efforts made to hire Canadian citizens or permanent residents, and the need for hiring a foreign worker.
  • ESDC Assessment: ESDC evaluates the application based on various criteria, including the impact on the Canadian labor market, the genuineness of the job offer, and compliance with employment standards.
  • Decision: ESDC may grant or refuse the LMIA based on its assessment. If approved, the employer receives a positive LMIA, allowing them to proceed with hiring a foreign worker.
  • Worker’s Application: With a positive LMIA, the foreign worker can apply for a work permit from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), demonstrating they have a job offer supported by an LMIA.


The LMIA process is essential for maintaining the integrity of the Canadian labor market while also providing opportunities for skilled foreign workers to contribute to the country’s economy. Understanding the LMIA process is crucial for both employers and foreign workers seeking employment in Canada, ensuring compliance with regulations and fostering a fair and inclusive workforce.